dimanche 18 mai 2008

varios sujetos y sus breves detalles

George Orwell, seudónimo de Eric Arthur Blair (Motihari, India, 25 de junio, 1903[1] [2] - Londres, 21 de enero, 1950), fue un escritor y periodista británico, cuya obra lleva la marca de de las experiencias personales vividas por el autor en tres etapas de su vida: su posición en contra del imperialismo británico que le llevó al compromiso como representante de las fuerzas del orden colonial en Birmania durante su juventud; a favor de la justicia social, después de haber observado y sufrido las condiciones de vida de las clases sociales de los trabajadores de Londres y París; en contra de los totalitarismos nazi y soviético, tras su participación en la Guerra Civil Española.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (25 May 180327 April 1882) was an American essayist, philosopher, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early 19th century. His teachings directly influenced the growing New Thought movement of the mid 1800s.



Blaise Pascal (Clermont-Ferrand, Auvernia, Francia, 19 de junio de 1623 - París, 19 de agosto de 1662), matemático, físico y filósofo religioso francés. Sus contribuciones a las ciencias naturales y aplicadas incluyen la invención y construcción de calculadoras mecánicas, estudios precursores de la teoría matemática de probabilidad, investigaciones sobre los fluidos y la aclaración de conceptos tales como la presión y el vacío. Después de una experiencia religiosa profunda en 1654, Pascal abandonó las matemáticas y la física para dedicarse a la filosofía y a la teología, publicando en este periodo sus dos obras más conocidas: Las Lettres provinciales (Cartas provinciales) y Pensées (Pensamientos).




Oliverio Castañeda de León (October 12, 1955October 20, 1978) was a Guatemalan left-wing oriented student leader, who fought for civil rights and was assassinated at the age of 23 in Guatemala City during the regime of General Romeo Lucas García.


Castañeda was born in Guatemala City, into a middle class family. He started attending the Department of Economics at the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (USAC) in 1975, and became a dynamic member of the Students' Association (Asociación de Estudiantes Universitarios, AEU) of the USAC, to which he was elected secretary general on May 22, 1978. He was also a member of the State Workers' Emergency Committee (Comité de Emergencia de los Trabajadores del Estado, CETE). He was highly involved in political activities, and organized many protest marches against the government in response to state-sponsored human rights violations. In September 1978 he helped organize a general strike to protest sharp increases in public transportation fares. The government responded harshly, arresting dozens of protesters and injuring many more. As a result of the campaign, the government agreed to the protesters' demands, including the establishment of a public transportation subsidy. Fearful that this concession would encourage more protests, the military government, along with state-sponsored paramilitary death squads, generated an unsafe situation for Castañeda and other public leaders. On October 6, a former directive of the Mail and Telegraph Workers' Syndicate was assassinated by a death squad.


Colonel Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán (September 14, 1913January 27, 1971) was the president of Guatemala from 1951 to 1954, when he was ousted in a coup d'état organized by the US Central Intelligence Agency, known as Operation PBSUCCESS, and was replaced by a military junta, headed by Colonel Carlos Castillo, plunging the country into chaos and long-lasting political turbulence.

PARA LA BASE DE CONOCIMIENTOS.